Erectile dysfunction is one of the depressing problems facing the male gender and alot of people shy away from discussing it.
However, erectile dysfunction is a treatable medical condition and it should not cause you to be depressed.
Medically, before you can understand a disease, you have to understand the normal body state.
How does a Functional Penile Erection Occur?
Male arousal may be a advanced method that involves the brain, hormones, emotions, nerves, muscles and vessel.
Penile erection occurs after a sensory or mental stimulation or both which can be through a combination of touch, sight and imagination from memory, images and visuals.
When a penis is in the flaccid state, all internal spaces are devoid of blood flow and tissue condensed but when erection occurs blood flows into the space to distend it and result into erection.
Once blood flows into the internal space, there is a temporary reduction in the amount of blood that leaves the penis. This is to maintain and sustain the erection, once ejaculation occur or arousal is discontinued, an increase in blood leaving the penis occur to produce a flaccid penis.
How do you describe a good erection?
There are 5 notable characteristics of a good erection you should know, they include;
Predictable: A good erection is one you can predict i.e you know what to expect, you understand how your erection can go.
Dependable: You should be able to know what will arouse you and depend on your erection to happen when you are aroused.
Suitable: you should know how long your erection last and the erection should last for the needed duration.
Disposable: you need to know what disposes your erection easily, incase of arousal in public places, a standing penis might be embarrassing,so your erection should go away on schedule.
Reliable: your erection should be able to return at a moment’s notice.
What is Erectile Dysfunction?
Erectile dysfunction is outlined as a persistent inability to maintain an erection enough for satisfactory sexual performance.
Erectile dysfunction is diagnosed only after it has persisted.
Erectile dysfunction is said to affect the quality of life of most men suffering from it and their partners. It also affect self confidence and cause stress.
Causes of Erectile Dysfunction.
There are various possible causes of erectile dysfunction, and they can include both psychological and physical conditions.
Common causes include:
Low Testosterone level /Hormonal imbalance
Obesity /High Cholesterol level
Alcohol / Tobacco
Most times the causes of erectile dysfunction is one or several of the aforementioned causes so it is important you work with your health care provider to narrow down the diagnosis.
Predisposing Factors for Erectile Dysfunction.
There are some factors that predisposes you to developing erectile dysfunction, these factors include:
Chronic illnesses: Diabetes, artherosclerosis, high blood pressure are chronic diseases conditions that can damage nerve and arteries supplying the penis, resulting in erectile dysfunction.
Unhealthy Lifestyle: Obesity, lack of exercise, smoking, excessive alcohol intake can predispose an individual to erectile dysfunction.
Hormonal abnormalities: low testosterone level can cause erectile dysfunction.
Psychological factors : Anxiety, depression, stress and fear of sexual failure can cause Erectile dysfunction.
Medications: drugs used in treating certain diseases conditions predisposes you to erectile dysfunction.
Management of Erectile Dysfunction.
Erectile dysfunction is a condition that is manageable and its treatment options depends on the cause and severity of the condition.
The management options include;
Lifestyle Modification: Correcting unhealthy lifestyles which involves;
Cessation of Smoking and alcohol consumption.
Regular exercise and weight control.
Better work life and effective stress management
Joint counseling and honest discussion with spouse to combat fear of sexual failure.
2. Surgical procedures.
3. Interventions these include:
Hormonal therapy: testosterone replacement is recommended on cases of hormonal imbalance.
Vaccum erection: this involves using a hand or battery operated penis pump to obtain erection followed by insertion of a tension ring around the penis.
4. Psychotherapy: this is initiated to manage stress, anxiety, trauma and depression.
5. Medications: there are medications for the management of Erectile dysfunction, visit your doctor today for proper recommendations.
If you have been having issues with erection lately or your spouse has been having issues with maintaining an erection to sustain a sexual performance, you and your patner should visit the doctor or your health care provider for proper diagnosis.
Olajumoke Adeyemo is a Pharmacy student of the University of Ibadan. She is a passionate copy & content writer, nature lover and a public health enthusiast. She is a Christian.
Her hobbies are reading, music, writing and traveling.