BLEEDING FROM ANUS??? See Doctor Today!!!

Colorectal cancer is the third commonest cancer in the world. It is commoner in males than females. 90% of patients with colorectal cancer are more than 50 years while just 5% of the patients are below the age of 40 years. About 700,000 people worldwide died of colorectal cancer in 2012.

Symptoms of colorectal cancer include the following: bleeding from anus, diarrhea, constipation, mucoid discharge, abdominal discomfort (pain, fullness cramp), bloating, weight loss, anorexia, tiredness, vomiting and feeling of incomplete evacuation after defecating.

Signs of colorectal cancer include: pallor, hepatomegaly (liver enlargement), ascites and cachexia.

RISK FACTORS FOR DEVELOPING COLORECTAL CANCER

  • Male gender
  • Positive family history of colorectal cancer
  • Low folate consumption: Eating less of vegetables and fruits INCREASE your risk of developing colorectal cancer. Therefore, eating more of fruits and vegetables PREVENT you from having the disease.
  • Consumption of processed meat
  • Excessive alcohol intake
  • Personal history of colorectal, ovarian and breast cancer
  • Obesity
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Crohn’s disease of the colon

INVESTIGATIONS

Your doctor may request for the following investigations:

  • Colonoscopy
  • Stool microscopy
  • Plain x-ray of the abdomen
  • Sigmoidoscopy
  • Double contrast barium enema
  • Other investigations include: Full blood count, blood urea level, electrolyte, Liver function test, CT scan of the abdomen.

TREATMENT

Treatment options include:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy

WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW FOR MORE INFO-

FACTS ABOUT COLORECTAL CANCER
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