Before we talk about how to reduce menstrual pain, let us briefly discuss the cause.
Excessive release of a hormone called Prostaglandin. Prostaglandins enable the uterus (womb) to contract and relax so that the inner layer of the uterus (the endometrium) can be shed and flow out of the body. Excessive production of prostaglandins will lead to more vigorous uterine contractions and cause pain.
HOW TO REDUCE MENSTRUAL PAIN
1. Exercise regularly
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2. Take a hot shower
3. Rest and sleep
4. Drink warm water and stay hydrated
5. Place a warm towel/water bottle on your abdomen
6. Use drugs called NSAIDs. They reduce the production of prostaglandins; examples include diclofenac, Ibuprofen and piroxicam (felvin). You can get them over the counter from most pharmacies.
7. Reduce sugar, alcohol and caffeine (coffee) intake
8. Eat more fruits and vegetables
9. Abdominal and lower back massages can be helpful.
Note – If your pain does not improve with all of the above, if you have very heavy flow or if notice new onset menstrual pain, see your doctor. Investigations to rule out secondary causes of painful menses will be carried out.
PAINFUL MENSTRUATION (DYSMENORRHEA)
Aanuoluwapo is a nursing student of Bowen university. She desires to be a caregiver for people and helps to manage physical needs, prevent illness, and treat health conditions.