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Stroke is a medical condition where there is obstruction of the blood supply of parts of the brain, this results in cellular injury.

TYPES

Ischaemic. Most common, occurs in over 80% of cases.

Hemorrhagic. Less common.

RISK FACTORS (THINGS THAT CAN MAKE YOU HAVE STROKE)

Hypertension, Diabetes Mellitus, Positive Family History, Increasing Age, Cigarette Smoking, High Cholesterol, High Alcohol Consumption, Obesity, Sedentary Lifestyle, Sickle Cell Anaemia

CLINICAL FEATURES

There are very many possible signs and symptoms of stroke but the commonly occurring are:

Speech difficulty, facial asymmetry, one sided weakness, one sided reduced or loss of sensation, change in smell, vision, taste or hearing, headache, seizures, vomiting, loss of consciousness.

THE KEY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF STROKE IS EARLY PRESENTATION.

PREVENTION: This is by proper management of all the modifiable risk factors.

WHAT STROKE IS NOT
Stroke is not:
1) An arrow from the village people
2) Exclusive to elderly people. While it is more common in them, it can also occur in young adults and even children.
3) Rare. It is one of the leading causes of long term morbidity/disability and mortality/deaths in the world.
4) A death sentence. It is treatable and full recovery is possible.

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Dr. Joseph Odeyemi (M.B.Ch.B.)

Dr. Odeyemi Joseph Olufemi is a recently inducted medical doctor of Olabisi Onabanjo University. Smart, selfless and inquisitve; he enjoys getting and giving information. He is an ardent lover of history and life

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