ABNORMAL SKULL

Premature closure of the cranial suture (junction between bones of the skull) is the cause of abnormalities of skull development. This term is called CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS. The cause is unknown.

SUTURES OF THE SKULL

Sutures of the skull
Image credit: Stanford Children’s Health

FORMS OF CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS

Boat shaped head caused by early closure of sagittal suture.
Image credit: Photoclinic
Plagiocephaly: Oblique or sloping skull. This is caused by early closure of Coronal suture on one side.
Image credit: Medical daily
Brachycephaly: Short head. This is caused by closure of both Coronal suture.
Image credit: Baby Centre
Trigonocephaly: Triangular shaped skull. This is caused by early closure of metopic sutures.
Image credit: renaekovacs

CLINICAL PROBLEMS SEEN IN CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS
Difficulty in breathing
Speech abnormality
Abnormal facial appearance
Sight problem due to abnormalities of the optic formina.

TREATMENT
Treatment involves craniectomy