Big Head: Medical term for big head is macrocephaly. It is defined as Occipito Frontal Circumference (OFC) more than 2nd (standard deviation) above the mean for the age. It could be normal if inherited or abnormal if as a result of illness.
Abnormal big heads are often seen in children with enlarged skull, enlarged brain or accumulated fluid if the skull.
CAUSES OF BIG HEAD
Rickets: – Disease of bone in children.
Sickle cell anaemia
Hydrocephalus: This is an enlargement of head as a result of CSF(fluid in the brain) accumulation. In a normal child, total volume is about 50ml while in adult, it is about 150ml. The cause of hydrocephalus could be obstructive or non-obstructive.
Small head: This is medically called microcephaly. It is defined as OFC more than 2SD below the mean for age. Types can be divided into primary (if inherited) and secondary (if caused by a medical problem).
CAUSES OF SMALL HEAD
Severe neonatal jaundice: This causes yellowness of eyes and skin in early stage of life.
Recurrent neonatal convulsion
Dr. Adeyemo Olusola is a medical graduate of Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ogun State, Nigeria along with certificate in advanced diploma in Principles of Nutrition, Management and Leadership, Dublin and Certificate in Global Health from London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. He is an avid reader of books from different oases of life, expert in Medical Statistics and an award winner at both local and international level. “So many a time, I have seen people die avoidable death because of lack of knowledge or information, falling victim of fate. There is then a necessity laid on us to help arm our society to the teeth, as a healthy society cannot be detached from an informed one. Hence, there is need for healthgist.net. We hope you will have a wonderful stay on our website.”