CANCER OF THE PENIS

This is a very rare cancer in men. It is most common in men between the age of 50-70 years. If presented early, it is highly treatable but most men because of embarrassment and fear do not present early in the hospital.
The part of penis mostly affected is glans followed by prepuce (for those uncircumcised) and least common site is the shaft.

RISK FACTORS FOR DEVELOPING CANCER OF THE PENIS

Lack of circumcision
Obesity
Smoking
Human Papilloma Virus infection
Poor genital hygiene
Never married/ divorced man
Low socioeconomic status

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

Sign and symptoms of cancer of the penis include:
1. Change in skin colour of the penis
2. Smelly discharge
3. Painless sore over the penis
4. Swelling at the end of the penis
5. Lump in the groin area
6. Fungating mass over the penis.

DIAGNOSIS

Some of the signs and symptoms outlined above are also seen in sexually transmitted infection hence need for biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.

TREATMENT

This depends on how early patient present in the hospital. Treatment options include:
Partial amputation of the penis
Radiotherapy
Excision and reconstruction of the glans
Total penectomy.

Tags: